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License for the collection and commercialization of pine cones of Pinus pinea (Catalonia)


Brief description of the instrument and its modus operandi

Free license to harvest and sell pine kernels

Which problem the instrument is supposed to solve?

According to the private forest owners association, the pine kernel is very low valued although it has a lot of potential due to the high economic value. Consequently, license is a mean to avoid uncontrolled picking. Source: Revista Catalunya forestal, número 94, diciembre del 2008, artículo sobre los piñones.

Purpose or main objective / overall goal of the instrument?

To regulate the harvesting and the harvesting methods of pine kernels (manual or mechanic, the quantities of pine kernels to be left on the tree after recollection, the specie concerned with the exploitation among others things) and also stop the illegal recollection and trade of pine kernels

Innovation content or potential of the instrument?


Which laws and regulations support the implement of this instrument?

Specific law: Order of 5th July 1995 that modifies the Order of 18th of July of 1991 that orders the harvest and trade of pine kernel from Pinus pinea General laws: Spanish Forestry Law 43/2003 of 21st of November and law 10/2006, of 28th of April, by amending the law 43/2003; Catalan Forestry Law 6/1988, 30th of March

The initiator/promoter of the instrument?

Government agency: The Catalan Government

Which organizations are involved in the operationalization of the instrument?

DAAM (Department of Agriculture)

What roles do these organisation play in each of them?

The DAAM is the institution in charge of delivering the pine kernel harvesting license

How is the overall performance of the instrument?

License for harvesting and trading pine kernels: // Difficult to assess because it is difficult to obtain good data about pine kernel production and recollection in Catalonia. // Salvador Blanch (expert interview)

Brief description of the context for the emergence of the instrument

Pine kernels: to be asked in an interview

Have any of the items mentioned above changed since the instrument entered into force?



Pine kernels: the harvesting season changed

Is there any qualitative or quantitative study of the impacts of the instrument?

Yes, please specify


In process: Pine kernels: there are irregular statistics at the State level on production (no authorisations)

Related to

Regulation of harvesting and commercialization of pine cones of Pinus pinea (Catalonia) (1991)

Year 1991
Policy area Forestry
Affected activity Harvesting/Production, Marketing/trade
Affected actors Landowner/land manager, Picker/harvester/hunter, Processor
Products Nuts
Subject NWFP
Promoter/initiator Public
Zone South West Europe
Countries Spain
Regions (NUTS 2) Catalonia
Focus on NWFP Direct
Document category Instrument
Instrument type Regulatory
Legal status Binding
Geographical scope Regional
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