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Forest Law (2012, 2014): harvesting regulations


Brief description of the instrument and its modus operandi

The purpose of this Law is to regulate sustainable management of all the forests of Latvia, by guaranteeing equal rights, immunity of ownership rights and independence of economic activity, and determining equal obligations to all forest owners or lawful possessors. // (2) Additional restrictions for the management of specially protected nature territories, micro-reserve, protected zones and specially protected forest areas shall be prescribed by other laws and Cabinet Regulations.

Which problem the instrument is supposed to solve?

Conflicts with the Law of Income Tax

Purpose or main objective / overall goal of the instrument?

The subject matter of this Law is forest and forest land:1) a forest is an ecosystem in all stages of its development, dominated by trees the height of which at the particular location may reach at least seven metres and the present or potential projection of the crown of which is at least 20 per cent of the area occupied by the forest stand; and2) forest land is land covered by forest, land under forest infrastructure facilities, as well as adjacent overflowing clearings, marshes and glades.

Side objectives/goals of the instrument?

(1) Natural persons have the right of access and free movement in a State or a local government forest, if regulatory enactments do not specify otherwise. Means of transportation may be used only for moving along forest roads, except in cases when it is p

Innovation content or potential of the instrument?

More side products, specially, NWFPs should be included in the Law

Which laws and regulations support the implement of this instrument?

Cabinet Regulations on forest regeneration, Hunting Law

The initiator/promoter of the instrument?

Government agency: State Forest Service

Which organizations are involved in the operationalization of the instrument?

State Forest Service, JSC “Latvia’s State Forests”

How the monitoring is ensured?

Basically, there is a problem with controlling mechanisms due to lack of human resources etc. Mostly people are controlled at the places they sell their products, if they possess tax payer card and licence of selling certain product on the street etc.

How the compliance is ensured?

Penalty is 20-200 Eur for individuals and up to 2000 Eur for enterprises.

How is the overall performance of the instrument?

Badly, because there is no possibility to make the individuals pay any fines.

Additional comments

Improvements needed

Have any of the items mentioned above changed since the instrument entered into force?


Is there any qualitative or quantitative study of the impacts of the instrument?


Year 2012 with changes in 2014
Policy area Forestry
Affected activity Harvesting/Production
Affected actors Landowner/land manager, Processor
Products Mushrooms/truffles
Subject NWFP
Promoter/initiator Public
Zone North East Europe
Countries Latvia
Regions (NUTS 2) Latvia
Focus on NWFP
Document category
Instrument type Regulatory, Economic
Legal status Binding
Geographical scope National
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