Hunting licences and hunting permits
Brief description of the instrument and its modus operandi
Hunting permits are not new in hunting sector in Serbia. But, new Law entered into the force in 2010, "as a result of all of changes (taht happened during 1990s and 2000s) and different influences, as well as the motivation of lawmakers to fulfill the economic ecological, social and cultural needs of hunting" (Nikolić, 2013). Law on game and hunting (2010) prescribes mandatory issuing of hunting licences and hunting permits. Hunting licences are issues by Ministry of agriculture and environment protection (Diretorate for forests).In the Law is prescribed that the right to hunt game have persons with the hunting permit for the current hunting season, which meet the requirements of the regulations governing weapons and ammunition. Hunting permits are issued by users of hunting grounds (Public enterprises for state forest management Srbijašume and Vojvodinašume, Hunting Associations, military etc.). Law says that: - "the authorized person of the hunting area shall, in the prescribed form and in accordance with the plan and its act, issue a permit to hunt big game in the name of the hunter or group hunt of wild boar" (Art 63, par. 1); - "the authorized person of the hunting area shall, in the prescribed form, in accordance with the plan and its act, issue a permit to hunt small game in the name of the group leader” (Art. 63, par 2).
Which problem the instrument is supposed to solve?
Problem of illegal hunting, so that hunting can not be done by persons that do not meet necessary requirements.
Purpose or main objective / overall goal of the instrument?
Putting activities in hunting in legal channels
Side objectives/goals of the instrument?
Innovation content or potential of the instrument?
Which laws and regulations support the implement of this instrument?
Law on game and hunting, Official Gazette of the Republic of Serbia No. 18/2010 During 2010, 2011 and 2012, a number of bylaws entered into force (Nikolić, 2013). Some of them are relevant to this instrument: - Rulebook on the Hunting exam - Rulebook on Security measures - Rulebook on Hunting dogs - Rulebook on the Measures to prevent damage from game and damage to game and procedure and methods for damage assessment - Rulebook on the terms and conditions of the organization of hunting, appearance and content of the hunting license form, the appearance and content of the form of a hunting permit for the hunting of big and small game, as well as the appearance and contents of a hunt report
The initiator/promoter of the instrument?
Which organizations are involved in the operationalization of the instrument?
Ministry of agriculture and envirnment protection (Directoreate for forests), Hunting associations and other users of hunting grounds (Public enterprises for state forest management Srbijašume and Vojvodinašume, military etc.)
What roles do these organisation play in each of them?
Ministry of agriculture and envirnment protection (Directoreate for forests) - issues hunting licences; Hunting associations and other users of hunting grounds (Public enterprises for state forest management Srbijašume and Vojvodinašume, military etc.) - issue hunting permits
How the monitoring is ensured?
Ministry of agriculture and envirnment protection (Directoreate for forests - Department for forestry and hunting inspection)
How the compliance is ensured?
There are misdemeanor or criminal charges for poaching, but those are not prescribed by Law on forests
How is the overall performance of the instrument?
Decrease of poaching
Brief description of the context for the emergence of the instrument
Since 2000, "...the political system in Serbia has changed, and the State’s economy transformed from a centrally planned to a market economy. At the same time, Serbia started the process of approaching to EU, and during this process, the State needs to harmonize its legislation with EU legislation in all sectors. Due to this, reforms also started in the hunting sector, and a new Law on game and hunting (2010) was proclaimed in 2010. That new Law brought certain changes, being more oriented towards sustainable management and biodiversity protection than the old one. One part of bylaws that accompany the new Law entered into force during 2011, and the rest of them should enter into force in the coming period. Also, this Law prescribes the components which allow decentralization of the Hunting Association of Serbia, and this process already started in 2011" (Nikolić, 2013).
Have any of the items mentioned above changed since the instrument entered into force?
decentralization of Hunting Association of Serbia
What are the main reasons or drivers behind changes mentioned?
It was prescribed by the Law
Is there any qualitative or quantitative study of the impacts of the instrument?
Yes, please specify
Annual reports that Hunting Associations have to submit to Ministry of agriculture and envirnment protection - Directorate for forests.Nikolić V. (2013): Relevance of behavioural norms in the hunting sector in Serbia, Master Thesis, University of Belgrade, Faculty of Forestry, Belgrade.
Hunting licences and hunting permits
• Law on game and hunting (Serbia) (2010)
|Subject||Access, Forests, NWFP, Nature conservation|
|Zone||South East Europe|
|Regions (NUTS 2)||Šumadija and Western Serbia|
|Focus on NWFP||Direct|