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Land concession for mushroom picking


Brief description of the instrument and its modus operandi

The instruments sets the contractual agreements between NFA and private companies in respect to the rules of picking mushrooms from state forests

Which problem the instrument is supposed to solve?

regulation of mushroom picking in NFA forest

Purpose or main objective / overall goal of the instrument?

To set rules for the provider (NFA) and buyers (companies that have to organize picking) for the payment of the mushrooms estimated to be extracted

Side objectives/goals of the instrument?

To create a formal instrument that could bring more transparency on the selling of mushrooms on the market and to impose some rules for the un-destructive collection of the mushrooms

Innovation content or potential of the instrument?

No innovation rather a classical regulatory instrument

Which laws and regulations support the implement of this instrument?

Forest Code, 2008

The initiator/promoter of the instrument?

Private companies

Which organizations are involved in the operationalization of the instrument?

National Forest Administration Suceava through its local administration units

How the monitoring is ensured?

The company has to provide to the NFA the following documents that could allow the control of the picking: a) the position of the acquisition places established by the company for pickers b) names and identifications permits of pickers. c) acquisition bookkeeping with the collected data. d) number plates of the cars which will assure the transportation of the collected mushrooms. e) transportation documents with the amount of mushrooms collected. f) to inform the NFA of any illegal collection done by other firms

How the compliance is ensured?

In case that the company is not able to provide proper acquisition and transportation documents the NFA can confiscate the entire quantity and the contract will be cancelled

How is the overall performance of the instrument?

The instrument creates the base for companies to document the provenience of the quantities used for processing

Additional comments

In practice, the mosaic of properties provides opportunities for other companies to set a contract with a private owner in the same area and in fact to collect mushrooms from state forests in the detriment of the companies which have a contract with NFA. The capability of control of NFA in this direction is reduced so picking is still done chaotically in most of the areas


Stakeholder consultations – both NFA representative and the owner of a company

Brief description of the context for the emergence of the instrument

The need of the processing companies to provide the origin of the mushrooms

Have any of the items mentioned above changed since the instrument entered into force?


Is there any qualitative or quantitative study of the impacts of the instrument?


Year 2006
Policy area Forestry
Affected activity Harvesting/Production
Affected actors Picker/harvester/hunter
Products Mushrooms/truffles
Subject NWFP
Promoter/initiator Public/private
Zone South East Europe
Countries Romania
Regions (NUTS 2) North East region
Focus on NWFP Direct
Document category
Instrument type Economic
Legal status Binding
Geographical scope Local
More information about properties